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Quoted from [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society): The **American Montessori Society** (**AMS**) is a [New York City](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City "New York City")-based, member-supported nonprofit organization which promotes the use of the [Montessori](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montessori "Montessori") teaching approach in private and public schools. AMS advocates for the Montessori method (popularized by [Maria Montessori](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Montessori "Maria Montessori")) throughout the United States, and publishes its own standards and criteria for its accredited member schools. AMS supports research and public policy that advocate for Montessori education. ## History ### **Founder** In the 1950s, the cultural climate around American education was changing as people become discontent with the status quo. Among those seeking alternatives was [Nancy McCormick Rambusch](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy_McCormick_Rambusch "Nancy McCormick Rambusch"), a young teacher from New York City.[\[1\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-1) In 1953, Rambusch's quest for a better approach to educating American children took her to [Paris, France](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris "Paris") for the Tenth International Montessori Congress, where she met Mario Montessori, Maria Montessori's son. Mario worked in the movement, as head of the [Association Montessori Internationale](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_Montessori_Internationale "Association Montessori Internationale") (AMI), an organization she had founded to support the movement.[\[2\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-2) Mario urged Rambusch to take coursework in Montessori education and to bring the Montessori method to the United States. Within a few years, Rambusch was conducting Montessori classes for her own children and others, in her New York City apartment.[\[3\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-3) In 1956, the Rambusch family moved to Greenwich, Connecticut. There, Rambusch became involved with a group of parents who wanted to be involved with their children's education. In 1958, they founded [Whitby School](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitby_School "Whitby School")—the first Montessori school to open in the United States since the initial flurry of interest in the early 20th century. The board selected Rambusch as head of school.[\[4\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-4) Rambusch was appointed the American representative of the [Association Montessori Internationale](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_Montessori_Internationale "Association Montessori Internationale") by [Mario Montessori](https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mario_Montessori&action=edit&redlink=1 "Mario Montessori (page does not exist)"). Six months later, Rambusch founded the American Montessori Society.[\[5\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-5) ### **Beginnings** The goals of AMS mirrored those of AMI: to support efforts to create schools, develop teacher education programs, and publicize the value of Montessori education. In 1961, *[Time](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_(magazine) "Time (magazine)")* magazine featured Rambusch, Whitby School, and the American Montessori revival in its May 12 issue. Parents turned to AMS for advice on starting schools and study groups.[\[6\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-6) Additional publicity in the media, including *[Newsweek](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsweek "Newsweek")*, the *[New York Times](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Times "New York Times")*, and the *[Saturday Evening Post](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturday_Evening_Post "Saturday Evening Post")*, as well as the publication in 1962 of Rambusch's book, *Learning How to Learn*, led to growth in the number of American Montessori schools and students. From the beginning, Rambusch and AMS worked to advance Montessori education into mid-20th-century American culture. AMS insisted that all teacher educators have a college degree so that the coursework could, potentially, be recognized by state education departments. AMS also broadened the curriculum for teachers and sought to connect with mainstream education by offering Montessori coursework in traditional teacher preparation programs.[\[7\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-7) Rambusch believed there was a need for cultural accommodation. Professor John J. McDermott, a colleague, and friend agreed, arguing that the popular idea of the universality of children displayed a basic naiveté about the interrelationships between culture and the child's development of consciousness. McDermott also stressed the need to move Montessori into the public sector so that it would be available to all children, regardless of their circumstances—a conviction that remains a vital underpinning of the organization, along with a belief in the need for adaptability. ### **Archives** The American Montessori Society Archives are housed at the [Thomas J. Dodd Research Center](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_J._Dodd_Research_Center "Thomas J. Dodd Research Center") at the [University of Connecticut](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Connecticut "University of Connecticut") in Storrs, Connecticut. The multi-media collection reflects the activities of the AMS going back to its earliest days, and also provides historical information about Montessori education.[\[8\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-8) ## Affiliated teacher education programs Teacher education programs affiliated with the American Montessori Society provide courses for people who want to be Montessori teachers. ## Use of Montessori terminology In 1967, the US Patent Trademark Trial and Appeal Board ruled that "the term 'Montessori' has a generic and/or descriptive significance."[\[9\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-Montessori_education-9) Therefore, in the United States and around the world, the term can be used freely without giving any guarantee of how closely, if at all, a program applies to Montessori's work. The ruling has led to "tremendous variation in schools claiming to use Maria Montessori's methods."[\[9\]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Montessori_Society#cite_note-Montessori_education-9) ## General Information: * **founded:** 1960, September --- ### Language(s): * English --- ### Online: * **MontessoiXCollege Meet:** AMSHQ * **Website:** [https://amshq.org/](https://amshq.org/) * **Facebook:** [https://www.facebook.com/AmericanMontessoriSociety](https://www.facebook.com/AmericanMontessoriSociety) * **Phone:** [+12123581250](https://tel:+12123581250 "+1 212 358 1250") * **Email:** [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) --- ### Address: [>> Map](https://goo.gl/maps/KZAQHpNmnqVqJxFj7) * The American Montessori Society Archives are housed at the [Thomas J. Dodd Research Center](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_J._Dodd_Research_Center "Thomas J. Dodd Research Center") at the [University of Connecticut](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Connecticut "University of Connecticut") in Storrs, Connecticut * [https://lib.uconn.edu/location/asc/collections/amsrecords/](https://lib.uconn.edu/location/asc/collections/amsrecords/) * 116 E 16th St, New York, NY 10003, United States * P2P6+4J New York, USA * --- ### Contact: * --- ### Curriculum: * Montessori --- ### More:

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